• Fish swimming above coral
  • Polar bear on sea ice
  • Sea lions in surface waters
  • Ocean acidity has increased 26% since the mid-1800s.
  • Over 1,000 Arctic species depend on sea ice for their survival.
  • Warming in the upper ocean by 1°C would triple the oxygen-depleted zones.

Protecting Marine Resources Through Innovative Financial Approaches: An Example from the Seychelles

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One of my goals at this meeting was to reach out to delegates and discuss which ocean climate change impacts are of national concern for their countries. Ronald (Ronny) Jumeau, Seychelles Ambassador for Climate Change and Small Island Developing States, was kind enough to share his thoughts on how climate change is affecting marine ecosystems in the Seychelles and how the Seychelles are enacting creative policy decisions that help strengthen ocean resilience to climate threats.

Interviewing Ambassador Ronny Jumeau at SBSTA 42 in Bonn

The Slow Crawl Towards Paris

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For a different perspective on the UNFCCC process, this time I am attending the SBSTA 42 and ADP 2-9 UNFCCC conference in Bonn, Germany, which is taking place from the 1-11 of June at the World Conference Center in Bonn. I have been welcomed by sunny skies and warm weather in Germany and the venue is an inspiring center near the bank of the Rhine River, near the UN campus. After attending two Conference of the Parties and participating in a quarter long SIO298 class on the UNFCCC process this quarter, led by John-O Niles and Lisa Levin at Scripps, I am finally seeing through the maze and learning to navigate the UNFCCC meetings.

Delegates negotiating the text of the ADP in the Chamber Hall

An Infographic on the IPCC Process

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Infographic courtesy of Cody Gallo. To read more about how IPCC reports are written and what the different summaries are used for, check out this interview with Dr. Hans-Otto Poertner. 

An Insider's Perspective on the IPCC Process from Dr. Hans-Otto Pörtner

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Dr. Pörtner served as one of the two coordinating lead authors for the Ocean Systems chapter of the IPCC AR5 WG2 Report that was finalized and officially released in 2014. He is a professor in Integrative Ecophysiology at the Alfred-Wegener Institute in Germany and attended COP 20 to present during a special event on the AR5 Synthesis Report. In Lima, I had the opportunity to sit down with Dr. Pörtner and hear about his experiences serving as a coordinating lead author for the Ocean Systems chapter, and ask about his perspective on how the IPCC reports are used by COP negotiators to arrive at decisions about national climate change targets. 

First, a brief overview – the IPCC stands for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and was first established in 1988. Every few years, the IPCC puts out an assessment report that represents the international scientific consensus on climate change. Now, we are on the 5th full assessment report, called AR5. Each assessment report consists of 3 working groups that are released sequentially. Working Group 1 (WG1) is on the Physical Science Basis of Climate Change (and the final was released last year in 2013). Working Group 2 (WG2) is on the Impacts, Adaptations, and Vulnerabilities from Climate Change and was released in 2014. And Working Group 3 (WG3) is on the Mitigation of Climate Change.

The creation of an assessment report is a huge international effort. To put it in perspective, 308 authors from 70 countries were involved in writing the WG2 report that Dr. Pörtner contributed to, and the final version of the WG2 report is 1,820 pages long. Follow along with this infographic as you read about the IPCC process. 

Contact Information

Ocean Scientists for Informed Policy
Scripps Institution of Oceanography
University of California, San Diego
9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla, CA 92083-0202